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Beer

Beer is the world's oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic beverage and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea.It is produced by the brewing and fermentation of starches, mainly derived from cereals - the most common of which is malted barley, although wheat, corn, and rice are also widely used. Most beer is flavoured with hops, which add bitterness and act as a natural preservative, though other flavourings such as herbs or fruit may occasionally be included. Alcoholic beverages fermented from non-starch sources such as grape juice (wine) or honey (mead) or distilled after fermentation are not classified as beer.

Beer History

Beer is one of the world's oldest beverages, possibly dating back to the 6th millennium BC, and is recorded in the written history of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. The earliest Sumerian writings contain references to beer. A prayer to the goddess Ninkasi known as "The Hymn to Ninkasi" serves as both a prayer as well as a method of remembering the recipe for beer in a culture with few literate people.

Beer Brewing

The process of making beer is known as brewing. A dedicated building for the making of beer is called a brewery, though beer can be made in the home, and has been for much of beer's history. A company which makes beer is called either a brewery or a brewing company. Beer made on a domestic scale for non-commercial reasons is classed as homebrewing regardless of where it is made, though most homebrewed beer is made in the home. Brewing beer is subject to legislation and taxation in developed countries which from the late 19th century largely restricted brewing to a commercial operation only. However, the UK government relaxed legislation in 1963, followed by Australia in 1972, and USA in 1979 allowing homebrewing to become a popular hobby.

Beer Ingredients

The basic ingredients of beer are water; a starch source, such as malted barley, able to be fermented (converted into alcohol); a brewer's yeast to produce the fermentation; and a flavouring such as hops. A mixture of starch sources may be used, with a secondary starch source, such as corn, rice and sugar, often being termed an adjunct, especially when used as a lower cost substitute for malted barley. Less widely used starch sources include millet, sorghum and cassava root in Africa, potato in Brazil, and agave in Mexico, among others.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Top 10 Beers every Beer Lover should know

Top 10 beers: Sierra Newada Pale Ale

Name: Sierra Nevada Pale Ale

Type: Pale Ale

ABV: 5.6%

Country of origin: U.S.A

Introduced: 1980

Top 10 Beers: Fuller's ESB Bitter

Name: Fuller's ESB

Type: Bitter

ABV: 5.5%

Country of origin: England

Introduced: 1971

Top 10 beers: Samuel Smith Taddy Porter

Name: Samuel Smith Taddy Porter

Type: Porter

ABV: 5.0%

Country of origin: U.S.A

Introduced: 1979

Top 10 Beers: Pilsner Urquell Bohemian Pilsner

Name: Pilsner Urquell

Type: Pilsner

ABV: 4.4%

Country of origin: Czech Republic

Introduced: 1842

Top 10 beers: Guiness Dry Stout

Name: Guinnes Foreign Extra

Type: Stout

ABV: 7.5%

Country of origin: Ireland

Introduced: 1801

Top 10 beers: Asahi Super Dry

Name: Asahi Super Dry

Type: Dry Lager

ABV: 5.0%

Country of origin: Japan

Introduced: 1987

Top 10 beers: Paulaner Hefe Weizen

Name: Paulaner Hefe-Weizen

Type: German Wheat

ABV: 5.5%

Country of origin: Germany

Introduced: 1921

Top 10 Beers: Thunderhead India Pale Ale

Name: Pyramid ThunderHead

Type: India Pale Ale

ABV: 6.7%

Country of origin: U.S.A

Introduced:

Top 10 beers: Hoegaarden Belguim White

Name: Hoegaarden

Type: Belgian Wheat

ABV: 4.9%

Country of origin: Belgium

Introduced: 1445

Top 10 Beers: Chimay Trappist Ale

Name: Chimay Blue

Type: Strong Ale

ABV: 9.0%

Country of origin: Belgium

Introduced: 2007